JANUARY

NEW YEAR BY THE OCEAN  Just when people start the festive ritual of hugs, congratulations and cheers for the New Year, from the Prat Pier to Viña del Mar bursting more than 20 tons of fireworks around the coastline. It is the noisy New Year's tradition in the Sea, a magnificent fireworks display that takes half an hour the sky over the bay of Valparaíso. For being here, as close as possible to the light heavy bombardment, thousands of people come from all over the world, lining the streets of the port, the viewpoints and hills facing the bay, the city is besieged by the party. The movement starts from the morning of 31 December. Earn the most advanced place in the public viewpoints best view: Gervasoni, VJ, Atkinson, Baron, May 21. Other, more far-sighted yet, enjoy dinner - booked out weeks or months in advance - in restaurants near the harbor. Others rent boats to appreciate the show on their heads and from the wobble of the waves, while the rest took cover in every corner that faces the sea. Because the natural amphitheater that is Valparaiso offers feast for all. The New Year at Sea started in 1952 and keeps growing year after year in enthusiasm and tons of gunpowder, is considered one of the biggest events of its kind in the world. But half an hour of light and noise is just the beginning. Celebration turns to organized street performances in the Plaza Sotomayor, the greeting between neighbors of the hills, with their own house parties or bars incessant rhythm and dance halls, which have been prepared with special care for the occasion. So all open to the best of the year ahead.

[b]VALPARATANGO [/b]The tango was born in the late nineteenth century on the banks of the Rio de la Plata and from there expanded its charm to the whole world. Son of the Uruguayan milonga and grandson of the Cuban habanera, is comfortable in ports. Valparaiso has a stronghold in standing firm in the dozens of dance schools and bars to reserve a space for this ritmo.Danza explicit and provocative lyrics with heavy load of sentimental, if not total won by a melancholy, a stop in Valparaiso an annual festival in summer, celebrates the rhythm and dance of the two by four. Valparatango is a multi-day event that was born in the fishing creek and that the Quinn and collects 19 issues, establishing itself as the first festival of tango in Chile, with international competition and many ancillary activities that captivate always willing locals. Was initiated by the present Councilman Jorge Castro, then director of tourism of the municipality, and found fertile ground in the port for multiple forms. Valparatango Because not only displays the skills of dancers and the sounds of classic tangos, but also organizes film series and allusive pictorial samples, literature and poetry ad hoc, live shows, conferences, clothing and a whole cultural circuit around the tango. The threshold of two decades, Valparatango enjoys good health and power of propagation reaches the younger segments of the city. With the World Summit held in Valparaiso 2007, Valparatango won a firm base that makes it a reference point when parts of the world where the tango is king.In 2009 the festival turned 20 and was held at large. In 2010 was celebrated between 25 and 31 January.

MARCH - APRIL

VIA CRUCIS (HOLLY WEEK)Every Friday, bordering nine at night, recalls the Passion of Christ in a Via Crucis which passes through the main streets of Cerro Pleasures. All the neighbors involved, as actor or spectator. With absolute realism to the characters embody the passion of Christ.The Way of the Cross begins at Pleasure Avenue, opposite the Santa Maria University. Gone are several months of preparation under the auspices of the Parish of Our Lady of Lourdes.After intense hours, all ends with the Cruxifición, held in the Plaza of the Conquest.Getting there: Take the van plan 501 or 510, get off at the University Federico Santa Maria and follow the procession to the Plaza de la Conquista.More information www.viacrucisplaceres.blogspot.com

[b]BURNING OF JUDAS  (HOLLY WEEK) [/b] The traditional Burning of Judas takes place in the hills of Valparaíso on the last day of Holy Week, on Resurrection Sunday. Hundreds of children walk the streets asking for coins for Judas, a doll made with clothes that they also collected among the neighbors. Then comes the burning of Judas, which in its origins symbolized all the repudiation of the people to the betrayal of the character. The rite is part of the Spanish heritage and was practiced by soldiers, sailors and missionaries when leaving the churches. The first journalistic reference of the Quema dates from 1846, in publication of El Mercurio de Valparaíso. At the beginning the ritual was done in the vicinity of the Parish of the Twelve Apostles and in the Plazuela de La Matriz; with the passage of time, the contempt of the enlightened elite led him away from the churches. He settled in the hills, where the ritual is freer and more creative. Sometimes there is a "widow" and sometimes not; in some cases it is an organized act and in others, spontaneous. Characteristic of the Burning is the reading of the Testament, a document that mocks a neighbor or repudiates bad decisions of the authorities. The writings with the faults or social errors are burned next to the doll, punishing those who do not suffer what would be an unbearable torment. The cry of "traitor" that surrounds large and small is a symbol of the atonement, which seeks to restore harmony and unite the divided hearts of the community.

MAY

DAY OF THE NAVAL GLORIES (21) It is the second national date of importance after the Independence Day of September 18 and 19. It commemorates the deed of Captain Arturo Prat Chacón, who on May 21, 1879 - just started the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia - faced on the coast of Iquique the most powerful Peruvian vessel of his time, El Huáscar. In command of the old Esmeralda corvette, which was shelled, spurred and sunk, his sacrifice and sense of duty led him to become a symbol of the men of the sea in Chile and national hero. A great military parade in Plaza Sotomayor, before the monument that remembers Prat and his comrades killed in combat, gives them honors. The naval, regional authorities and the President of the Republic are present in the square, who come to give the annual account of their management before the Full Congress in the same Valparaiso. It is the maximum solemnity and emotion to remember the heroes. As in the National Holidays of September or as in the New Year, the preparations begin in advance. Much earlier, the hills and neighborhoods begin to hear the echo of boxes, piccolos and cornets of the school war bands. They rehearse for their own parade, which takes place the day before the official ceremony. On the 21st of May, the public buildings dawn, embanderados and from early people crowd in the streets near the plaza to see the passage of the troops. The children dress as sailors or in typical Chilean costumes. Where the sailors pass, there are people and sellers of sweets, popular singers, chinchineros [1] and saltimbanquis. Because the marciality of the parade is the show that crowns one of the most characteristic festivities of the city. [1] Chilean popular character, who dressed brightly for the occasion, loads a big bass drum and a saucer on his back. He makes it sound loudly hitting the drum with sticks and the plate with his foot, while turning on its own axis.

JUNE

[b]CUMBRE GUACHACA[/b]It was 1997 and the First Summit in Santiago Guachaca took shape under the defense of the buddy, the liver of cattle which was left out of the family basket of Chile eager to jaguar. "That decision was a real joke, that for generations after doctors recommended the buddy steak with garlic, donkey milk and fresh cheeses with honey to overeating." In addition, proponents of the claim Dioscorus guachaca-Rojas, Raul Porto and Andres Meneses said he was "outraged" because they were not invited to the Ibero-American Summit 1998.Fray Andresito entrusted to prince and patron of beggars, friends undertook to get a space forGuachaca Summit, this is, amplification of sound, crest and meal. So they founded a festival which brings over a decade honoring the essence of Chile. Among the demands that have arisen Guachaca years counting the land recover Cachagua, spa elite with a couple of syllables becomes Guachaca changed. Another is to ask McDonald's to include among the real pebre combos mixing. And always, the defense closed the Bar La Piojera, Monument to national sentiment. In June 2001, Valparaiso was named Capital Guachaca of humanity and the celebration at the Teatro Mauri, which lasted two days, attracted 1,400 people. Because as they say Guachaca "in Valparaiso breathes a different air, there is a slower pace of life and quiet, there is still time to talk a drink, take a nap and stop in the street and greet acquaintances."Guachaca: Type of popular Chilean popular, good for party, wine, conversation, guitar and romance.

SAINT PETER'S FESTIVITY (29) San Pedro Apóstol is the patron of the fishermen. They come to him seeking protection from the dangers of the sea and because the daily effort is rewarded with good fishing. In Chile, every June 29 is commemorated the day of San Pedro, in devout celebrations all along the coast; but it is in Valparaíso where the festivity reaches its maximum splendor. During the morning, the Caletas Portales, South American and El Membrillo are adorned with multicolored flags and develop shows of music, crafts and popular meals, awaiting the central act. This part with the morning Mass led by the Bishop of Valparaíso in the Chapel San Pedro - Sierra 56, Playa Ancha - steps from Caleta El Membrillo. Then the image of the saint, the same one that every day observes the fishermen in the cove, is taken by the promeseros in religious dances and colorful procession to the Prat Pier. There it is installed with all pomp and ceremony to San Pedro in a boat, that leaves sailing by the bay. Take to the follow hundreds of boats, from chalupas to tugboats of freighters, that are playing horns, profusely adorned for this unique procession in the sea. Everyone participates, from weavers of networks to ecclesiastical hierarchs. All alike in the caravan that splurges popular religious sentiment.

AUGUST

[b]VALPARAISO FILM FESTIVAL [/b] Since 1997, Valparaíso has [url=http://www.valpofestival.blogspot.com/] Film Festival [/url] . Its north is the rescue of the film heritage, the exhibition of restored films, curatorial shows, special cycles dedicated to schools or film factories, homanejes to national and foreign authors, presentation of cult films and unpublished in Chile, retrospectives, thematic cycles, shorts heritage and historical - like the funerals of Neruda and Luis Emilio Recabarren or a walk through Playa Ancha in 1902 - and of course, the competition that awards documentaries. In the 2009 version highlights the retrospective to Alexander Kluge; the restored versions of the Tales and Fables of Lotte Reiniger; the band Recovered, Restored with key pieces of German Expressionism and the Jewels of the Film Archive that will show The Hussar of the Death of Pedro Sienna, A Valparaíso by Joris Ivens and Valparaíso my love of Aldo Francia, among other pieces. See the complete schedule here. More information at: [url=http://www.valpofestival.blogspot.com/] www.valpofestival.blogspot.com/ [/url]

SEPTEMBER

[b]PATRIAS PARTIES (18 and 19) [/b] On September 18, National Independence is celebrated in Chile. That day, in 1810, the First National Government Junta was established. It was the first step. On September 19 the Army Glories are celebrated, then on the 18th and 19th they are holidays and festivities, a kind of small vacation, starting the spring. That is why, be it for patriotic inspiration, there is enthusiasm. The folk music takes the radios and resounds in the streets, the Chilean flags are raised in all the houses and still it is maintained for some the custom of painting the facades and buying new clothes for the holidays. Those who work far from their home towns do the unspeakable for going to "spend the 18th" with their family. Fondas and ramadas are raised in public spaces of towns and cities. They are light constructions in wood, canvas or as the name implies, branches, which revive old customs of popular celebration. There come whole families to eat, drink and dance diverse sounds, but always the national dance: the cueca. Valparaíso does not escape the "eighteenth wave", providing its own identity. The 17th at night is the Fisherman's Camp in El Membrillo Cove. It comes to be a kind of vigil around the large hearth that illuminates the resting area of ​​the boats. It sells all kinds of products - mainly fish - to the beat of popular music performed live by enthusiastic local groups. And to say Fiestas Patrias is to speak of Creole culinary expression. Grilled meat, anticuchos - pieces of meat strung on grilled meat and roasts - wine, chicha and cole'mono - milk liquor, brandy, sugar and spices - are consumed in large quantities. And the most typical Chilean snack, empanadas stuffed with "pino" - from Mapudungún pinu: minced meat - reaches its annual sales pick for this date. Year after year each hill sends one or more representatives to prepare them, in the contest that awards the best of all. The fondas are installed in the Parque Alejo Barrios of Playa Ancha, the largest esplanade in the city. They are organized by private or long-standing institutions in the port, such as the Santiago Wanderers Sports Club. There, the powerful sound of the orchestras and groups of cueca, the smell of the meat in the grills, the cries of the children in the typical games and the airs of celebration that are breathed in the walk, in the tables and dance floors , are the best demonstration that the most important thing on September 18 is "feel very Chilean" and "have fun"

OCTOBER

[b]FESTIVAL OF THE THOUSAND DRUMS [/b] The first weekend of October the rhythm of the percussion is heard throughout the city. It is the Festival of the Thousand Drums, a festival that welcomes the arrival of spring. It was born on the initiative of autonomous cultural centers and continues like this, as a representative celebration of the alternative artistic manifestations of the city, open to the participation of all. There are theatrical shows, juggling, film shows, musical presentations and dance. In Caleta Portales, Playa Ancha, Cerro San Juan de Dios and the Ex Cárcel Cultural Center there are workshops of painted bodies, traditional indigenous games and activities around plastic arts. And the colorful murgas that travel the streets of the plan, from Barrio Puerto to Parque Italia, where thousands of people infected by spring enthusiasm participate. A meeting of mutual respect and self-management that crosses the entire city.

[b]DANZALBORDE [/b]October is common to find dance performances in squares and parks of Valparaiso. The crowd massed around, attracted by the scenic art as ephemeral, that appeals to the body and senses. It is the contemporary dance festival Danzalborde, born in Valparaiso in 2001, thanks to support from the National Fund for Culture and the Arts, Fondart. Chile calls and dancers around the world, filling the city landscape of movement and creation. It is also a meeting place for reflection, workshops, lectures and theatrical performances.Danzalborde group is organized by the Contemporary Arts Escenalborde Buenos Aires and is part of the International Dance Festival in Urban Landscapes, which brings together 30 festivals in the whole world have had multiple Valparaiso prestigious foreign companies like the Japanese Hiroaki Umeda, the German Juschka Weigel, Erre que erre Catalonia, Kobalt Works of Belgium, Japan Makiko Tominaga and Mexican Quiatora Monorail. This year the festival will be held from 15 to 19 October and promises waves of bodies and kidnap choreography street to the city.More information: www.escenalborde.cl[url=http://www.escenalborde.cl/] [/url]

DECEMBER

[b]CULTURAL CARNAVAL OF VALPARAISO [/b] Between Christmas and New Year, when the summer begins and people prepare to celebrate the end of the year in front of the sea, it is the moment in which theater and dance companies, painters, musicians, filmmakers, cooks, photographers and folklorists turn to the streets to show - for three full days - the best of their repertoire at the Valparaíso Cultural Carnival. Since its creation in 2001, it has been a great show in different places of the city - Puerto District, Cerro Barón, Playa Ancha and the area of ​​the creeks in the Bordemar - although the massive calls are in the widest public spaces and with more tradition. For the great stages of Plaza Sotomayor, Parque Italia and the Ex Cárcel Cultural Center, dozens of national and foreign artists pass by for hours. Hundreds of thousands of people congregate around the stages or at the edge of the avenues, waiting for the passage of the parades, which, dressed in colorful costumes and fantastic shapes, represent a different theme each year. Is that the party is sister to the rest of the world, paying tribute to other port cities. Barcelona, ​​Barranquilla, Buenos Aires, Panama City, Salvador de Bahia and - in 2007 - Montevideo, have been the cities represented so far, the ideal excuse to make carnival and take to the streets the cultural soul of the port.