The area is now Valparaiso was originally inhabited by monkeys, who were eminent native fishermen. To fish using skin rafts inflated sea lion with strong ties that bound and held with wooden slats.
The first European contact with these lands was in 1536, when the advance of troops from Diego de Almagro, Juan de Saavedra Cuenca with a platoon of his men I place traveling from the Indian village Cancanicagua (now San Felipe) to the Bay quintile found in the bay to the ship "Santiaguillo, and baptism as his hometown: Valparaiso in memory of his hometown of Valparaíso de Arriba (Carrascosa del Campo City Hall, Spain). I call this bay and Valparaiso. Another version has it that the name comes from soldiers of the navigator Juan Bautista Pastene gave the place when they arrived from the town of Callao: Paradise Valley. In 1544 Pedro de Valdivia to confirm his name by defining it as "natural harbor of Santiago de Nueva Extremadura. 1559comenzo to take shape in an outline starts with a small chapel built on the present site of the Church of the Matrix before that was just a point of arrival for ships from the Viceroyalty of Peru. From 1559-1615, privateers, pirates and Englishmen.
Valparaiso rune city is characterized by sliding from the hills to the sea. There are many hills of the city, and many of them have peculiarities that do not repeat others. There is no unanimity on the number, however, raises the following list of 42 names, ordered from north to south and some of them grouped in small sets of hills, Esperanza. Baron, Larrain, Mariposa, San Juan de Dios, Prison, Florida, Concepción, Alegre, Cordillera, Artillery and others.
Valparaíso is divided essentially into two parts: The Plan and the hills. The Plan is in turn divided into sectors traditionally El Almendral, home to much of public services, the National Congress and business and industry Valparaiso Harbor, where they are located bars, hotels that originally housed sailors, well port facilities, various bank branches and the National Service of Customs.
In the hills highlights colonial buildings located in the Barrio Baron, Bellavista sector, the Town Estate and Playa Ancha, where architecture, both British, French and German are mixed with native diversity and ingenuity of new architectures, preserving the history of vision future. Along with this, the Walks and Viewpoints are part of this group of tourist spots in the city, these walks take greater importance during the New Year festivities, competing who has the best view, the hills Alegre and Concepcion stand above the rest by the first colonial urbanization among the hills: old houses, churches of different congregations, steps and elevators are all the wonders that are part of this area, named a World Heritage Site in 2003.